What changed in the rule of PM Narendra Modi from 2014 to 2022, 7 major amendments in the constitution – News X

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What changed in the rule of PM Narendra Modi from 2014 to 2022, 7 major amendments in the constitution
– News X

New Delhi: The Constitution of India was prepared on 26 November 1949. On this occasion, Constitution Day is celebrated every year on 26 November in the country. Prime Minister Narendra Modi participated in the Constitution Day celebrations at the Supreme Court on Saturday. During this, he launched various new initiatives under the e-courts project. On the other hand, on the occasion of Constitution Day, today the discussion is in full swing that what changes were made in the constitution during the regime of PM Narendra Modi and which people of the society have benefited from the constitutional amendment. Let us know which are the important constitutional amendments that have taken place till now in the Modi era.

1-99th Constitutional Amendment – National Judicial Appointments Commission Act (2015)
This Act, 2014 was notified on 13th April, 2015. The Constitution (99th Amendment) Act, 2014 provides for the composition and functioning of the National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC). The Act prescribes a transparent and broad-based process for the selection of judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts by the National Judicial Appointments Commission.

2-100th Amendment to India-Bangladesh Land Boundary Treaty (2015)
The 100th amendment to the constitution was made for the land boundary treaty between India and Bangladesh. This law, which came into force on August 1, 2015, will not only help in resolving the border dispute with neighboring Bangladesh for 41 years, but after the enactment of the Act, both the countries exchanged some territories with mutual consent. Under the agreement, Indian citizenship was also given to the people who joined India from Bangladesh.

3-101st Amendment – Goods and Services Tax i.e. GST Act (2016)
This amendment act is related to GST (Goods and Service Tax). The Goods and Services Tax came into force on July 1, 2017. The day was celebrated as GST Day by the Government of India on completion of one year of implementation of GST on 1st July, 2018. GST is an indirect tax implemented with the objective of making India a unified common market.

4-102nd Amendment – ​​Constitutional Status to National Commission for Backward Classes (2018)
In 2018, the Parliament passed the 102nd Amendment to the Constitution in which three new articles were included in the Constitution. The National Commission for Backward Classes was constituted under the new Article 338-B. Similarly another new Article 342A was added which is related to the Central List of Other Backward Classes. The third new article 366(26C) defines socially and educationally backward classes. Through this amendment, the Backward Classes Commission got constitutional status.

5-103rd Amendment- 10% reservation for EWS in educational institutions, jobs (2019)
In 2019, the Central Government passed the 103rd Constitutional Amendment Resolution in the Parliament and arranged for 10 percent reservation in jobs and education to the economically weaker sections. Recently, the Supreme Court has given its stamp on maintaining 10 percent reservation for the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS). EWS stands for Reservation for Economically Weaker Sections. This reservation is only for general category people. SC, ST, OBC have been excluded from this reservation.

6-104th Amendment- SC, ST reservation in Lok Sabha, Assemblies increased by 10 years (2019)
Under this amendment, Article 334 of the Indian Constitution was amended and the period of reservation for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in Lok Sabha and Legislative Assemblies was further extended for 10 years. In fact, the reservation for the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and the Anglo-Indian community in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies for the last 70 years was ending on January 25, 2020. In this bill, a provision was made to increase it by 10 years in the context of SC and ST.

7-105th Amendment- Recognition of Socially and Economically Backward Classes (2021)
The Act restores the power of state governments to specify the identity of socially and economically backward classes. Last year in the monsoon session, the Parliament passed the 127th Constitutional Amendment Bill 2021 on 11 August. During the discussion on the Bill in the Lok Sabha, Social Justice and Empowerment Minister Virendra Kumar had said that after re-numbering, this Bill would be considered as the 105th Constitutional Amendment Bill.

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