China’s grand strategy
China sees this program as a strategic aspect. Pakistan, Indonesia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives, Nepal, Afghanistan, Iran, Oman, South Africa, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, Seychelles, Madagascar, Mauritius, Djibouti and Australia participated in it. The invitation was not sent to India from the CIDCA agency. It is China’s new development agency and is headed by former Vice Foreign Minister Liu Zhaohui. Zhaohui has also been ambassador to India and Pakistan and his stance towards Pakistan has always been soft.
big message to the world
According to experts, China’s aim through this forum is to inform the diplomatic progress to the world. Earlier this year, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi visited Sri Lanka. It was during this time that he proposed to create a new platform for the development of the Indian Ocean Island countries with the aim of building consensus and coordination and promoting common development. Meanwhile, Sri Lanka was appealed to play a bigger role in the initiative.
what was the purpose
The participating countries discussed ways to strengthen the resources present in the Indian Ocean and promote tourism and shipping in a sustainable manner. China, which has established the China-Africa Satellite Remote Sensing Application Center, also called on countries to “jointly address non-traditional security challenges and participate in global development cooperation, so as to achieve a joint, common, Balanced and inclusive global development can be achieved.China says that it is ready to provide financial, material and technical support to the countries present in the Indian Ocean.
policy of trapping countries
China is engaged in efforts to increase its influence in the Indian Ocean region. It is investing heavily on the ports here and is also engaged in providing resources for infrastructure to countries like Pakistan, Sri Lanka. While China has already prepared its Navy base in Djibouti, it has also taken Hambantota of Sri Lanka on lease for 99 years. On the other hand, right in front of India, to make a strong hold till the Arabian Sea, Pakistan is preparing a port in Gwadar. India’s neighboring country Maldives is also investing heavily in infrastructure.
try to weaken the effect
The purpose of this Chinese platform is to weaken India’s influence in the Indian Ocean. The Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) is being operated by India. There are 23 member countries in this organization. China is a dialogue partner in IORA, started in 1997. This organization became an observer in the African Union and the United Nations General Assembly in the year 2015. In the year 2020, the confrontation between India and China started in Eastern Ladakh. Since then, the Galvan Valley violence has affected the bilateral relations of the two countries to a large extent.